Hydroponics Farming Step by Step Guide

With the world’s population nearing 7.5 billion – and global prosperity and the desire for more resource-intensive foods rising steeply too – it’s clear that farming needs to become more productive.

One way of meeting future food needs could be hydroponics – growing plants without soil, instead using a nutrient-rich solution to deliver water and minerals to their roots. It’s already being used to increase farming outputs and grow plants in habitats that wouldn’t normally sustain them.

In conventional agriculture, soil supports a plant’s roots – helping it to remain upright – and provides it with the nutrients it needs to grow. In hydroponics, plants are artificially supported, and a solution of ionic compounds provides nutrients instead.

The thinking behind this is simple. Plant growth is often limited by environmental factors. By applying a nutrient solution directly to a plant’s roots in a controlled environment, a farmer can ensure that the plant always has an optimal supply of water and nutrients. This nutritional efficiency makes the plant more productive..

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